Anatomical figure showing muscles
From 'On the Fabric of the Human Body', 1543
Andreas Vesalius was born in 1514 in Brussels, Belgium. He
studied medicine at the University of Louvain and then in Paris. He
moved to Padua, home at the time to one of the most important
medical schools in Europe. He completed his doctorate and was
appointed as anatomical demonstrator and lectured on anatomy.
Vesalius emphasised the importance of dissection in the study of
The 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica' (On the Fabric of the Human
Body), published in Basel in 1543, was a beautifully illustrated
and influential anatomical textbook. One of the most striking
features of the illustrations are the 'muscle men' figures in
striking poses surrounded by landscape. After publication of the
book, Vesalius was appointed Imperial Physician to Emperor Charles
V. He died in 1564.