From 1909 to 1911, Oskar Kokoschka worked on a portfolio of
portraits organised by his patron, Adolf Loos. The art historian
and artist Lotte Franzos was one of his first clients. Though a
close friend of Kokoschka's, she was appalled by the image and its
disregard for her own 'likeness'. So were the critics, who covered
their noses against the 'foul smell' of her 'rotting body', which
assailed them on first seeing the work at Vienna's Hagenbund
exhibition of 1911.